DC Voltage

Voltage Laboratory has developed high accuracy capability to support national voltage activities. The chart illustrates the traceability for voltage measurement in Malaysia.

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The traceability of DC voltage standard to SI unit is realised by using Josephson Junction Voltage system in the range of 1 V, 1.018 V and 10 V with best uncertainty at 0.2 mV.

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JJV Systems Zener Voltage Standard 732B Zener Voltage Standard 7001

RF & Microwave

RF power and scattering parameter or S-parameter are the quantity associated with microwave measurements where the services are offered by the laboratory to support national RF and microwave measurements activities. Measurement frequency capability starts from the range of 10 MHz up to 18 GHz. The measurements are limited to Type N and PC7 connectors. The estimated uncertainties for RF power and S-parameter are described as follows:

Parameters

Uncertainty (±)
RF power at 1 mW 2.0 % to 2.4 %
Reflection Coefficient 0.015
Attenuation 0.2 to 3.5 dB

 

rf1rf2rf3

Resistance

Resistance laboratories provide the measurement traceability for resistance as well as development and maintenance of national physical standards for resistance. The laboratories provides calibration measurements with capability  from 1 mΩ to 1 TΩ. The National Standard of Resistance is a 1 Ω and 10 kΩ resistors kept in an oil bath at temperature of 23°C ± 0.001°C. The reference standard resistor is calibrated at BIPM on a regular schedule and disseminate to other resistors by using the automated DCC bridge at range of 1 mΩ to 10 MΩ. Resistance values below 1Ω achieved by using Direct Current Comparator Bridge with a Range Extender. The system has ratios up to 1000:1 with the relative uncertainty of 10-6. The resistance values from above 10 MΩ are scaled up using a modified Wheatstone bridge by replacing Resistive arms with 2 DC Voltage. The resistance laboratories dissemination, capability and uncertainty are shown in following table and diagram respectively. 

        

DC Resistance

:
  • Low range - 1 mΩ to 100 m Ω

  • Medium range - 1 Ω to 10 M Ω

  • High range – 100 MΩ to 1 TΩ

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Best Measurement Capability

:

    ±0.5 mΩ/Ω to ± 585 mΩ/Ω

                                                            1  Ω standard resistor

DC Current  Shunt

:
  • 1 A to 100 A

 

Best Measurement Capability 

:     ±   5 mA/A to ± 100 mA/A   

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Time And Frequency

tf3NMIM’s Time and Frequency laboratory maintains two high performance and three standard performance Caesium (Cs) atomic reference frequency standards. One of the high performance Cs reference frequency standards is designated as Malaysian National Frequency Standards (MNFS), with accuracy of ± 5 × 10-13 s .

tf1

 With these standards and continuous All-in-View GPS time comparisons, where the data is contributed to Bureau Weights and Measures (BIPM) for the generation of the International Atomic Time (TAT) scale. NMIM is capable to provide traceability to the SI Unit of time interval for time and frequency measurement.

tf2

 Malaysian Standard Time (MST) is UTC (NMLS) + 8 Hours, due to the time zone selected which is the longitude of 1200 East. UTC (NMLS) is currently defined to be the epoch of the 1 pulse per second timing signal output at the rear panel of the Malaysian National Frequency Standards. NMIM steers the frequency of the standard to maintain UTC(NMLS) to be within approximately 1 ms of the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

NMIM Info

NMIM plays an important role in disseminating the traceability of measurement to the whole country based on the International System of Units. Just like other world standard laboratories, NMIM has great responsibility in ensuring the national metrology infrastructures meet and comply with the global measurement standards.

Get In Touch

National Metrology Institute of Malaysia (NMIM)
Lot PT 4803, Bandar Baru Salak Tinggi
43900 Sepang
Selangor Darul Ehsan

Corporate inquiries:  irene@sirim.my , 03-87781605                          

Service inquiries:  serviceNMIM@sirim.my , 03-87781604                               

Complaint and feedback: feedbackNMIM@sirim.my

Training course request: NMIMtraining@sirim.my

WhatsApp: +6018–2121 833